Other Immigration Services
1. Canadian Citizenship
- Applicants must have Canadian permanent resident status and have lived in Canada for at least three years (1095 Days) out of the past five years before applying.
- Applicants must be able to speak either one or both of Canada’s two official languages (English or French) well enough to communicate in Canadian society. Individuals between the ages of 18 and 54 must sumit proof of language proficiency.
- Applicants cannot have a criminal history considered prohibitive to granting Canadian citizenship (as decidedb by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, or IRCC).
- Applicants must be aware the rights and responsibilities of citizens and have a basic knowledge of Canada’s geography, political system, and history.
- Applicants must submit a formal application to IRCC and pay a government processing fee and a right of citizenship fee.
Eligible candidates can apply for Canadian citizenship. Once approved, they will be required to take a citizenship test (for applicants between 18 and 54 only. Successful applicants must then attend a citizenship ceremony where they receive a certificate of Canadian citizenship and officially become new Canadian citizens.
- A human rights activist who is persecuted by the state for her criticism of government abuses.
- A union leader who is threatened with violence by businesses who enjoy tacit support from the government.
- A member of a religion who is being suppressed by the government.
- A woman who is subjected to repeated physical abuse by her husband in a country where conjugal violence is condoned.
- A member of an ethnic group who is persecuted by the state.
- A teacher in a country where intellectuals are denounced as traitors of the people.
- A person who openly criticizes a rebel group in a country where the government cannot protect its citizens against rebel attack.
- A person who is persecuted because he is suspected of opposing the government, even though he is not politically active.
- The child of an imprisoned political leader who is viewed as a threat by the current regime.
- The witness of a massacre committed by the military that the government wants to cover up.
- A gay man or lesbian who is beaten up by gangs of homophobic hooligans in a country that outlaws homosexual acts.
- A student activist after the government has suppressed a student movement.
Individuals who have a refugee claim rejected, abandoned or withdrawn can eventually apply for a Pre Removal Risk Assessment.
3. Authorization to return to Canada
When a foreign national is asked to leave Canada, very often in order to return legally they need to apply for an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC).
4. Medical Admissibility Requirements
Every applicant for a Canada Immigration Visa and some applicants for temporary status in Canada are required to undergo a medical examination by a medical officer.
Applicants may be denied a Canada Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa solely on medical grounds, if:
- Their condition would endanger the health or safety of the Canadian population at large; or
- Their admission might cause excessive demand on existing social or health services provided by the government.
When determining whether any person is inadmissible on medical grounds, the medical officer is obliged to consider the nature, severity, and probable duration of any health impairment from which the person is suffering as well as other factors, such as:
- Danger of contagion;
- Unpredictable or unusual behaviour that may create a danger to public safety; and
- The supply of social or health services that the person may require in Canada and whether the use of such services will deprive Canadian nationals of these services.